CE marking is applied by manufacturers based on objective data, collated in a technical file, which include the results of tests that demonstrate product conformity to the requirements of the applicable European Directives.
Analytical CETACE assists customers throughout the process of fulfilling the requirements of European Directives, conducts tests and checks in accordance with European product standards and, when the tests are passed, issues Declarations of Conformity to European Directives for CE marking.
Low Voltage Directive
The primary objectives of the Low Voltage Directive (2006/95/EC) are:
- ensure safety in the use of electrical equipment;
- guarantee the free movement of electrical equipment in member states;
- ensure rapid adjustment to technical progress.
Its scope is extremely wide, including all electrical material (equipment and components) designed for use with a voltage rating of between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current.
Manufacturers are required by law to affix CE marking on their products. In order to do so, they need to prepare a declaration of conformity and technical documents that demonstrate the product’s conformity to the requirements of the Directive.
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive
The Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (2004/108/EC) regulates the use of electrical and electronic equipment that may produce electromagnetic disturbance or whose operation may be affected by interference from other sources of disturbance. It also applies to systems and installations that contain electrical and/or electronic equipment and components. Manufacturers are required by law to affix CE marking on their products. In order to do so, they need to prepare a declaration of conformity and technical documents that demonstrate the product’s conformity to the requirements of the Directive.
Starting 3 January 2013, products that fall within the scope of Directive 2011/65/EU, if not conforming to the specified requirements, can no longer have CE marking and therefore cannot be sold on the European market.
The main changes introduced by RoHS 2 involve:
- extension to new product categories
- its inclusion as a CE marking directive based on Module A of Annex II in Decision 768-2008/EC.
This means that the manufacturer, importer or distributor is responsible for internal production control and conformity assessment and declares, under their sole responsibility, that the products in question meet the requirements of the standards.